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吸烟可永久改变基因 会导致DNA突变_雷火电竞官网

发布时间:2021-09-29 01:30
本文摘要:Smoking leaves an archaeological record of the hundreds of DNA mutations it causes, scientists have discovered.科学家研究找到,吸烟者不会造成DNA变异,给人留给数百种基因突变的“永久记录”。


Smoking leaves an archaeological record of the hundreds of DNA mutations it causes, scientists have discovered.科学家研究找到,吸烟者不会造成DNA变异,给人留给数百种基因突变的“永久记录”。Having sequenced thousands of tumour genomes, they found a 20-a-day smoker would rack up an average of 150 mutations in every lung cell each year.在对数千个肿瘤基因组展开测序后,科学家找到每天吸烟者20支的人每年每个肺细胞积累平均值有150个基因突变。

The changes are permanent, and persist even if someone gives up smoking.这些变异是永久且持续的,即使吸烟者戒烟也不可逆。Researchers say analysing tumour DNA may help explain the underlying causes of other cancers.研究人员说道,分析肿瘤DNA能协助说明其他癌症的深层原因。Pamela Pugh, 69, was diagnosed with lung cancer in 2013. She started smoking aged 17 and quit in her early 50s.69岁的帕梅拉-皮尤2013年被临床患上肺癌。

她自17岁开始吸烟者,近50岁时戒烟。But she said: Even though I gave up many years ago, the effects of smoking caught up with me.但她说道:“尽管我很多年前就戒烟了,但吸烟者的影响仍然在。”Had I known as a teenager that smoking caused mutations which would stay with me for life then I would never had started.“如果年轻时我告诉吸烟者造成的基因突变一生都会跟随着我,那么我绝不会开始吸烟者。

”The study, in the journal Science, was carried out by an international group, including the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in Cambridgeshire and the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico.这项研究公开发表在《科学》期刊上,由一个国际研究组研究得出结论,还包括英国剑桥郡的基金会桑格研究院,以及美国新墨西哥州的洛斯阿拉莫斯国家实验室。The analysis shows a direct link between the number of cigarettes smoked in a lifetime and the number of mutations in tumour DNA.研究表明,人一生中吸烟者的总数量和肿瘤DNA变异的数量之间不存在必要关系。The authors found that, on average, smoking a packet of cigarettes a day led to:研究作者找到,平均值来讲,每天吸食一包烟会造成:150 mutations in each lung cell every year每年每个肺部细胞中有150个基因突变。

97 in the larynx or voice box喉部或喉头97个变异23 in the mouth口腔部位23个变异18 in the bladder膀胱18个变异six in the liver肝脏6个变异Joint lead author Prof Sir Mike Stratton, from the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, said: The more mutations there are, the higher the chance that these will occur in the key genes that we call cancer genes, which convert a normal cell into a cancer cell.研究报告的合作主创者、来自基金会桑格研究院的迈克-斯特拉顿教授说道:“变异就越多,关键基因,也就是我们所说的癌症基因再次发生变异的几率也就越大,这不会将长时间细胞改变为癌细胞。”There are 35,000 deaths a year in the UK from lung cancer, and it is estimated that nine out of 10 cases are preventable.英国每年有3.5万人杀于癌症,据估计其中九成可以防治。